20 Jun What is the Difference Between CDL Class A, B, and C? 20 Tips
What is the Difference Between CDL Class A, B, and C? 20 Tips
Just because you have a CDL license doesn’t mean that you are free to operate any large commercial vehicle as there are several classes when it comes to CDLs. With the help of ny-defense.com, this article will look to outline the differences between CDL Class A, B, and C.
What is a commercial driver’s license (CDL)?
A commercial driver’s license (CDL) is a driver’s license required to operate large, heavy, or placarded hazardous material vehicles in the United States in commerce as articulated at ny-defense.com. There are several different types of commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) that require a driver to hold a valid commercial driver’s license.
Obtaining a CDL in New York
To be a commercial truck driver in the state of New York, you must be at least 18 years of age to drive within the state and 21 years of age to drive out of state, haul hazardous materials, or drive students in a school bus. You will need a New York CDL if your vehicle or commercial vehicle falls into the class A, B, or C categories.
What is a Class A CDL?
A Class A commercial driver’s license is required to operate any combination of vehicles with a gross combination weight rating (GVWR) of 26,001 or more pounds, provided that the towed vehicle is heavier than 10,000 pounds as articulated at ny-defense.com.
What can you drive with a Class A CDL?
With a Class A CDL and the proper endorsements, you may drive the following types of vehicle:
Truck and trailer combinations
What else can you operate with a CDL Class A?
With the proper endorsements, your CDL Class A may also allow you to drive some Class B and Class C vehicles.
What is a Class B CDL?
A Class B commercial driver’s license is required to operate a single vehicle with a gross combination weight rating of 26,001 or more pounds as explained over at ny-defense.com, or tow a vehicle not heavier than 10,000 pounds.
What can you drive with a Class B CDL?
With a Class B CDL and the appropriate endorsements, you may drive the following types of vehicles:
Large passenger buses
Dump trucks and small trailers
What else can you operate with a CDL Class B?
With the proper endorsements, your Class B CDL may also allow you to operate some class C vehicles as is pointed out by ny-defense.com.
What is a Class C CDL?
A Class C commercial driver’s license is required to operate a vehicle that is designed to transport 16 or more occupants (including you, the driver) or transport hazardous materials (HazMat), materials that are classified as hazardous under federal law.
What can you drive with a Class C CDL?
With a class C CDL and the proper endorsement, you may drive the following types of vehicles:
Small HazMat Vehicles
Combination vehicles not covered by Class A or B.
Requirements for a CDL Class C driver
Under Article 19-A in New York State as captured at ny-defense.com, CDL Class C drivers must:
Complete a pre-employment medical examination, updated every 2 years
Submit a pre-employment summative document
Complete a road test every year
Complete knowledge testing every other year
Complete an annual audit of defensive driving skill
Submit to an annual driver’s license check
Have a fingerprint background and criminal history check through the Department of Criminal Justice Services and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
Other CDL Classes
Non-CDL Class C
The non-commercial Class C license includes single vehicles such as farm vehicles that weigh less than 26,000 pounds. As is frequently the case, the vehicle in question may tow a trailer that is less than 10,000 pounds. Alternatively, the trailer may exceed this weight as long as the total of both portions does not exceed 26,000 pounds.
Class D license
In New York, all citizens become eligible for class D license testing, learner’s permit, and license as early as age 17. Drivers can use a variety of personal vehicles such as vans, oversized vans, cars, light trucks, and SUVs, for jobs such as pizza delivery. The Class D license forms the basis of further professional driving as it tests all driver’s basic knowledge of road signage, vehicle operation, and environmental conditions according to ny-defense.com.
Class E license
Specific to New York City, Class E licensure is specifically for NYC taxi drivers, limo drivers, and livery drivers that operate in the city. Applicants must be 18 years or older and already possess a D license. Vehicles must weigh less than 26,000 pounds and be designed for hire to transport less than 14 passengers.
What is a CLP?
A commercial learner’s permit (CLP) is a permit given by the state that authorizes you to practice driving a commercial motor vehicle. Obtaining a CLP is the first step towards earning a commercial driver’s license.
CDL Endorsements and restrictions
Whether you have a Class A, B, or C CDL, you will want to know about the different endorsements and restrictions.
As pointed out by ny-defense.com, CDL endorsements are essential for commercial drivers to operate special types of commercial motor vehicles (CMVs). Outside of Class A, B, or C CDL requirements, there are additional tests to obtain CDL endorsements.
Types of endorsements
The following are some CDL endorsements you may pursue:
H endorsement – required to operate a vehicle that contains hazardous materials.
N endorsement – allows CDL drivers to operate a tank vehicle (a vehicle that transports liquids or gasses.
P endorsement – needed to operate a vehicle that seats 16 or more people, including the driver
S endorsement – allows drivers to operate a school bus. Before obtaining an S endorsement, a P endorsement must be earned.
T endorsement – necessary for CDL drivers looking to tow a double or triple trailer.
X endorsement – a combination endorsement for tank vehicles and hazardous materials.
From discussions on the same at ny-defense.com, CDL restrictions prohibit the operation of certain types of CMVs. The restriction code is placed on the CDL.
When are restrictions issued?
Drivers who are unable to meet certain requirements have certain restrictions placed on their CDLs. This prohibits them from driving certain vehicles.
Types of restrictions
The following are some CDL restrictions that may be issued:
E restriction – prohibits CDL truck drivers from operating a vehicle with a manual transmission. If a skills test is performed with an automatic transmission, an E restriction will be issued.
L restriction – prohibits the operation of a vehicle with a full air brake system. If the skills test isn’t taken with a full air brake system, air brake systems aren’t properly checked, or air brake system components aren’t properly identified, an L restriction will be issued.
M restriction – indicates that a driver can only operate a Class B or C passenger vehicle or school bus.
N restriction – indicates that a driver can only operate a Class C passenger vehicle or school bus.
O restriction – prohibits drivers from driving a Class A vehicle with a fifth-wheel connection.
V restriction – issued when a driver has a medical variance, reported by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration. This includes hearing, diabetes, seizure, or vision impairment.
Z restriction – prohibits drivers from operating a CMV equipped with full air brakes.
As always, if you are looking for more information on this topic, as well as help with any traffic and CDL-related issue, then look no further than ny-defense.com.